Colonial America/Week 1

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New England Colonies Notes

Resources

  • Natural: Timber, Fish, and Wide, deep Rivers
  • Human: Ship Builders, Artisans, and Fisherman
  • Capital: Metal tools and equipment and Buildings providing service.

Specialization

What are they really good at? Basically Specialization here means What the New England Colonies Produced.

  1. Fishing
  2. Shipbuilding
  3. Metal, tools, and equipment
  4. Naval supplies

Geography

  • Appalachian Mountains, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline, and Boston Harbor.

What was the climate like?

New England Summers are neither very cold or very hot, but are relatively short.

New England Winters, on the other hand, are known for being long with a great deal of snow.

Social/Political Life

This is where New Englanders interacted with other people.

  1. The centers of life were Churches and Villages.
  2. There were many religious reformers and separatists (Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay)
  3. Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in Town Halls and Town Meetings.

Interdependence

Things New England could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

Mid Atlantic Colonies

Livestock and Grain.

Southern Colonies

Cottons, Tobacco, Rice, Indigo. Also for wooden products like lumber, tar, and pitch.

The Mid Atlantic Colonies

Resources

  • Natural: Rich, fertile, farm land and Rivers.
  • Human: Unskilled/Skilled Workers and Fisherman
  • Capital: Tools and Buildings

Specialization

  • Grain
  • Livestock
  • Fish

Geography

Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, wide and deep rivers.

What was the climate like?

Moderate and Mild summers and winters.

Social/Political Life

(Where Mid Atlantic Colonists interacted with other people)

  1. People lived in villages and cities
  2. Lifestyles were varied and diverse
  3. Religions were also diverse.
  4. Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in market towns.

Interdependence

Things the Mid Atlantic could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

New England Colonies

Metal tools and farming equipment.

Southern Colonies

Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, Cotton, and forest products such as lumber, tar, and pitch.

The Southern Colonies

Resources

File:Slaves in coffee farm by marc ferrez 1885.jpg
Slaves were Africans captured from Africa and taken into the USA to work for the rest of their lives, they were never set to be free unless the owner decides he wants to free the slave he owns.
  • Natural: Fertile Farmlands, Rivers, and Harbors.
  • Human: Slaves, Farmers
  • Capital: Tools and buildings

Specialization

  • Tobacco
  • Rice
  • Cotton
  • Indigo
  • Lumber Products: Lumber, Tar and Pitch.

Geography

Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors and rivers.

What was the climate like?

Summers: Hot and Humid Winters: Mild; Little-Very Little Snow

Social/Political Life

  • People lived in Mansions on Plantations.
  • Large landowners relied on slaves and indentured servants for labors.
  • The Southern region had fewer Schools and fewer cities.
  • The colonists belonged to the Church of England.
  • Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in the local county seat.

Interdependence

Things the Southern Colonies could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

New England Colonies

Metal tools and equipment.

Mid Atlantic Colonies

Livestock and Grain.

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