Antikythera mechanism/Quizzes

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This quiz pertains to Antikythera mechanism and is one of
THREE RELATED QUIZ GROUPS: Saros   Ecliptic   Antikythera

/Testbank/ contains links to a printable pdf version of this quiz for classroom use. For information on how to print out test copies (and other questions) see How to use testbank.

See also Ecliptic/Quizzes and Orbital mechanics/Saros. {{#lsth:Quizbank/How to use testbank|Please contact me}}

Quiz

<quiz> {A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.} + true - false

{How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?} -300 years -3000 years -30 years +1500 years -15,000 years

{The Antikythera device was dated to approximately} + 100-150 BC - 300-350 BC - 300-350 AD - 500-550 BC

{The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.} - true + false

{The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.} + sponge divers;   1900 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976

{What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?} + The quality of its manufacture. - Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices. - Chemical analysis of the bronze. - Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.

{Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______} + copper;   to make it hard. - copper;   to make it withstand corrosion. - iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose. - copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.

{Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device } + was not possible due to the degree of corrosion. - suggested that Roman technology was used. - suggested that Greek technology was used. - suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.

{Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?} - Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes. - Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated. + The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship. - Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.

{As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.} + true - false

{As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.} - true + false

{Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. } + true - false

{Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.} - true + false

{Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.} - true + false

{The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years} + 3 - 1 - 2 - 4

{The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years} - 3 - 1 + 2 - 4

{The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek} + true - false

{The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.} - true + false

{Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______} + 34 days;   six months - 7 days;   one month - six months;   18 years - one month;   18 years - six months;   54 years

{A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.

}

+ crown gear - spiral bevel gear - epicycle gear

{Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.} + true - false

{How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?} + Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic. - Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic. - There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years. </quiz>

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